New Delhi-based employment solutions company, Aspiring Minds, conducted an employability-focused study based on 150,000 engineering students who graduated in 2013. The findings were rather shocking.
As many as 97 per cent of graduating engineers want jobs either in software engineering or core engineering. However, only 3 per cent have suitable skills to be employed in software or product market, and only 7 per cent can handle core engineering tasks.
According to the HRD ministry, India has 6,214 engineering and technology institutions which are enrolling 2.9 million students. Around 1.5 million engineers are released into the job market every year. But the dismal state of higher education in India ensures that they simply do not have adequate skills to be employed.
FACTORS WORKING BEHIND AN ENGINEER’S EMPLOYABILITY:
According to Bharwani, the following factors decide whether an engineer is employable:
- “The ability to apply the concepts learnt to constantly develop innovative things and find solutions to complex problems are main factors working behind the employability of an engineer.”
- “The state of the economy also plays a major role for employment generation. Industry insiders say that in a strained economic condition, companies do not want to spend much on training and would prefer candidates with some skill sets who can be made billable soon.”
- Location factor: According to the Aspiring Minds report, in Tier-1 cities such as Mumbai, Bangalore and Hyderabad, 18.26 per cent of software engineers are job ready, while in Tier-2 cities such as Pune, Nagpur and Surat, 14.17 per cent are employable
This shows that the candidates from lower tier cities are not getting the same opportunities as those hailing from Tier-1 cities, even if they are equally qualified and skilled. The chances of finding a job for such a person is 24 per cent lower and the earning per-year salary would also be Rs 66,000 lesser
- “Problems with English language along with issues in computer programming make these students ineligible for employment. The difference in English and cognitive skill modules may only be a function of the input quality of the students. There is a consistent trend that the maximum gap is in computer programming, followed by cognitive skills and English and least in other domain skills.”
Basically the Tier 3 cities are the one with the lowest employability rate. This is because of the insufficient infrastructure for developing skilled specific knowledge.
MAJOR PROBLEMS WITH ENGINEERING EDUCATION IN INDIA
1. SYLLABUS NOT UPDATED REGULARLY
2. LACK OF QUALITY TEACHERS
3. LACK OF INNOVATION AND RESEARCH
4. FAULTY EDUCATION SYSTEM
5. LACK OF SKILL-BASED EDUCATION
6. IMPORTANCE OF COLLEGE NAME
7. EASE OF PERMISSION FROM STATE GOVERNMENTS
8. THE IT ‘EMPLOYABILITY’
9. LACK OF PROPER ENGLISH SKILLS
10. DISREGARD OF ESSENTIAL SOFT SKILLS